Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the lower part of the anus and rectum. When the walls of these vessels are stretched, they become irritated. Although haemorrhoids can be unpleasant and painful, they are easily treated and very preventable. As haemorrhoids generally get worse over time, doctors suggest that they should be treated as soon as they appear.
The risk of developing haemorrhoids is greatly reduced when stools are kept soft. In the majority of cases, simple measures will alleviate symptoms while haemorrhoids get better without treatment. However, medicines and even surgery may sometimes be needed.